There are about 27 ethnic minorities within the southwestern province—nearly half the number in all of China.
“Each one has their own culture, their own religion, [and] their own language, and they eat what they can harvest,” Tong says. “There are just so many natural resources, mushrooms, all sorts of things. The biggest source of imported mushrooms into Japan is Yunnan.”
The Little Tong menu makes such diversity of culture and flavor accessible for novices, as well as for seasoned diners. As a good entry point to the Yunnan mixian experience, servers often recommend the Little Pot, which includes minced pork belly, shiitake mushrooms, garlic chives, pickled mustard stems, pea shoots, and chili vinaigrette, combined with the noodles in pork bone broth (a vegetarian version is available). It’s cooked in a traditional copper pot and served in a smaller copper pot. “It has so many flavor dimensions, with 10 different kinds of spices and seasonings,” Tong says.
The most popular dish, she says, is the colorful Grandma Chicken (inspired by grandmothers’ recipes in the Old Town of Lijiang), consisting of chicken broth, chicken confit, black sesame garlic oil, tea egg, pickles, flowers, and fermented chili.
The starters also draw upon a variety of seasonal traditions. A standout is the Dali Street Taters: purple potatoes in spiced duck fat with chili oil and some dry seasonings, tucked beneath cheese curds made in the tradition of the city of Dali in southwestern Yunnan. “It’s an iconic, beautiful, ancient city,” Tong says, adding that it’s one of the very few areas in China known for making cheese.
Made from the milk of water buffalo, the cheese is not unlike mozzarella in consistency. It’s typically fried and then dried in the sun before it’s incorporated in the dish.
Despite so much focus on traditional ingredients and techniques, Tong is quick to avoid the word authentic.
“It’s Chinese food that is regional, modern, and delicious,” she says. “I’m not doing ‘authentic’—every different village has its own claim for authenticity, and there’s no way I could ever pursue that. This is a Yunnan rice–themed restaurant that has focused a lot on seasonality, on different Chinese cooking techniques, and modern techniques that I learned from elsewhere to make good food.”
Though the dishes may contrast greatly with the types of Americanized Chinese food consumers have grown up with, their lifelong exposure to their neighborhood take-out joints has primed them for this new experience.
“We have a foundation of American Chinese food; we have a foundation of American families bringing their children to eat Chinese food,” Tong says. “Sometimes I see these whole families coming here to eat together and I’m so happy that they didn’t just go out and order Chinese takeout. They actually want to try new Chinese cuisine or another version of Chinese food. So I think it’s slowly getting better.”
Tong plans to build off of the Yunnan focus by incorporating influences from other regions into the menu in the near future.
And it likely will continue to stand out among the many other Asian noodle shops—ramen and the like—within a few blocks of its location at First Avenue and 11th Street in the East Village. “It’s just a different, fun vibe,” she says, “a casual happy little place where people can have rice noodles.”